diminished scale formula guitar


If you know that a scale is simply a collection of notes with a specific pattern then you can map that pattern out on the fretboard and memorise it easily. If you look closely, you end up with a C# diminished scale played in descending stepwise motion starting from C. You play this exact same scale ascending starting on C# (C# diminished ascending over C7) to get the "optimal alignment" of colorful tones (see the final notated example above for a visual). Josiah – thank you for the explanation. This Scale is considered to be an Exotic Scale because of its spooky, unresolved sound. Likewise, you might already know how to play a diminished scale – but where do these scales come from, how are they theoretically derived, and what are their unique properties? On the guitar they sound very dissonant and unstable by themselves, almost unusable. Scale typ: Half/Whole Diminished. © Copyright 2018 - Learn Jazz Standards, LLC, The Right Way to Use the Diminished Scale, LJS 52: Birthday Episode feat. Where as DIMINISHED (whole/half) start with a whole step gap, this variation obviously start with a half step gap. This mode of the diminished scale works well over a diminished chord. guitar scale: B Diminished scale Forget the guess work and use our helpful scale & mode recommendations for each Guitar Backing Track. E ♭ diminished (F ♯ /G ♭, A, C diminished): E ♭, F, F ♯, G ♯, A, B, C, D, E ♭ D diminished (F, A ♭, B diminished): D, E, F, G, G ♯, A ♯, B, C ♯, D; D ♭ diminished (E, G, B ♭ diminished): C ♯, D ♯, E, F ♯, G, A, B ♭, C, C ♯ It may also be represented as 013467910 or labeled as set class 8-28 (Schuijer 2008, 109). Whole-Half Diminished = W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H (2-1-2-1-2-1-2-1) Half-Whole Diminished = H-W-H-W-H-W-H-W (1-2-1-2-1-2-1-2) VERTICAL APPROACH. CHalf/Whole Diminished. Instead of learning 2 versions it's easier to start the same scale on a different degree of the target chord (or even the whole progressions) and them get busy with something else. THE DIMINISHED SCALE (Half/Whole) is the only mode of the DIMINISHED SCALE. 2M - 2m - 2M - 2m - 2M - 1A - 2M - 2m. In this lesson we will begin to study the first mode of the diminished scale. This is very advantageous, as it opens up a … Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb. This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. Before print or download please save it first. During the first half the 20th century, composers such as Bela Bartok and Igor Stravinsky began to make extensive use of the diminished scale in their compositions. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. For instance, if we were to construct the B Diminished chord we would begin with the B Major Scale and apply the Diminished chord formula. Learn how your comment data is processed. For other types of scale formulas refer to the SCALE FORMULAS page. Everything evolves around scales. The alteration for each particular scale is determined using the scale formula. C - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - A - B. The scale formula for the diminished scale easy to remember, just semitone then tone repeat! We use scales to create music, study music theory, understand music, build chords, progressions, arpeggios and learn soloing and improvisation.. Please allow me to clarify further if I can. There are a variety of diminished guitar chords. Over a minor II-V7 with the diminished scale starting on the root of the II-7(b5) chord (resolving to the diatonic Dorian mode on the I- chord) – note that one diminished scale works nicely over both the II-7(b5) and the V7(b9) chords: 4. That’s about it for me but I do see value in learning licks from the melodic and harmonic minors, as well as the whole tone and diminished scales. In major keys, the diminished chord is built off the 7th degree of the major scale. Here are some of the best applications of the diminished scale: 1. In a strict definition of a diminished scale, it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale. Diminished Chord Formula: 1-♭3-♭5 The diminished triad is what naturally occurs on the 7th degree of the major scale. But when placed between the right chords, they make great transitions. )… interval pattern. So, every major third will have the same augmented scale : C , E , and Ab are the same augmented scale, as are Db , F , and A , as are D , F# , B , and finally Eb , G , and B are also the same scale. In Example 4, we move a little further up the neck, still using the four middle strings with the open A. Diagram scales: On paper, this difference might seem subtle, but the variance in sound is actually pretty significant. Example 3 makes use of the guitar’s middle strings, with the root note played on the open A string. It's harmonically complex, and because of this, there is a demand for a certain level... You have entered an incorrect email address! start on C ascending and descending. It's known as a Half Whole when played over Dominant chords. Scale Formula. The scale formula is 1 b3 4 5 b7. So if you see a chord symbol such as G13(b9), it matches the diminished scale perfectly. There are major triads, dominant 7th chords, dominant 7th (b5) chords, minor 7th chords, and minor 7th (b5) chords you can build off of the 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 8th scale degrees of the diminished scale. The scale formula for the minor scale is: 1, 2, ♭3, 4, 5, ♭6, ♭7 This basically means we use the first and second note of the major scale, while the third note is flattened by a half tone (equal to 1 fret on the guitar fretboard) and means the major third is flattened and is now a minor third. There a few freak incidences of diminished scales in earlier periods of European “classical” music history, but diminished scales began to appear more definitively as a distinct musical idea in Western music during the so-called “Romantic Era” in the 19th century, especially in the music of Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and his students/imitators. It's usually not used when there's a #5 / b13. It displayed countless chords alongside scales that corresponded to them and connected dominant seventh chords with the double diminished scale. There is no “correct” spelling of this scale. However, this gets to be to confusing with a bb7 and b8, so enharmonic intervals are used to make it easier. Interval Formula: h W h W h W h W. Example C Half/Whole Diminished scale: C C# D# E F# G A A#. It's known as a Half Whole when played over Dominant chords. Whole is referring to a Whole Tone and Half is half a Tone, which is better known as a semitone. If your into jazz this is one you need to learn. C Diminished Dominant for guitar. Major 7th. If you visualize it running up a single string you can see that it is made of alternating 1 and 2 fret gaps. If you construct a diminished chord from its parallel major scale (ex: C dim from the C major scale), you would use the following pattern. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). If you construct a diminished chord from its parallel major scale (ex: C dim from the C major scale), you would use the following pattern. The third note of the C major scale … It's known as a Whole Half when played over Diminished 7th chords. The guide tones for a diminished seventh chord are root, b3, b5 and bb7. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step down. Scale Formula. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). In other words, learn the scale construction first before getting bogged down with fingerings. The A diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 (root), b3 and b5 of the A Major scale. Primarily because the diminished scale is a symetrical and synthetic construction and not really what fits any type of tonal song. Combine two minor tetrachords a tritone apart (a tetrachord is a 4-note scale, and a minor tetrachord is basically the first 4 notes of the Dorian minor mode, so for example, combine the first 4 notes of a C- scale with the first 4 notes of an F#- scale) Now, the primary use of the diminished scale, is on dominant chords with possible extensions b9, #9, 13 and b5/#11. Whole is referring to a Whole Tone and Half is half a Tone, which is better known as a semitone. Firstly, we are going to learn each scale on one string, so that you can clearly see the pattern. Root Note. It's known as a Whole Half when played over Diminished 7th chords. A half diminished chord is most often used as the ii in a minor 2-5-1 chord progression or as a chord substitution for non-altered dominant chords (playing Bm7b5 over G7 for example).. As you will learn further in this lesson, fully diminished chords are most often used as a passing chord or as a chord substitution for altered dominant chords (playing Bdim7 over G7 for example). There are two scales usually called “diminished scale”, both containing eight notes, and both very common. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. There are two diminished scales, the half/whole and the whole/half. 4: D. 5: E. 6: F#. C Half/Whole Diminished for guitar. C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C is an example. Minor 6th. If we flatten the 3rd and 7th in … Looking above, we see that the scale formula for the natural minor scale is: 1 – 2 – b3 – 4 – 5 – b6 – b7. The Diminished scale is an important scale used in Jazz but can also be used in blues. Major Scale formula: 1 w 2 w 3 h 4 w 5 w 6 w 7 h 1 Here it is on the guitar: Mike Georgia. I hope this helps – and thanks for your comments! Generally speaking, diminished chords have a jazzy flavor to them, and they appear in styles that […] Find guitar scales using graphic interface. The dominant diminished scale, also known as the half whole scale, is an eight note scale with a numeric formula of 1-♭ 2-♯ 2-3-♯ 4-5-6-♭ 7-8/1. Scale Formula. I see where this concept of a 'single diminished scale' comes from and you know – you opened my eyes with this! Over a pedal point (any diminished scale will work, but most often the chord with the same root as the pedal note works best): Finally, here is a very useful “insider” tip: diminished scales work best starting with the whole step first when playing both ascending or descending step-wise melodies over dominant 7th (b9) chords. A brief look at the use of diminished chords and scales within several different genres. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. Here is a list of the 16 most important scales for jazz improvisation and the harmonic contexts in which they can be used for... For some, learning jazz can be a daunting task. Perfect 4th. Altered Scale . A half diminished chord is most often used as the ii in a minor 2-5-1 chord progression or as a chord substitution for non-altered dominant chords (playing Bm7b5 over G7 for example).. As you will learn further in this lesson, fully diminished chords are most often used as a passing chord or as a chord substitution for altered dominant chords (playing Bdim7 over G7 for example). It’s 1-f3-f5. Just to review, a diminished 7th chord is constructed by stacking minor thirds on top of each other until you build a 7th chord. Thanks for the added explanation. So how do you build a scale with a formula, how do you figure out the notes for a particular scale, what else can you do with a scale formula and how can you make sense of it all? It can also be used for fusion and heavy metal. )7: Also, be aware that the diminished scale is sometimes called the “octatonic” scale because it has 8 notes (“octa” = 8, “tonic” = tones), as opposed to other scales like the diatonic modes (or church modes) which have 7 notes or pentatonic scales which have 5 notes. 10. 8 Special Guests with Musical Failures, How to Use the Melody of a Jazz Standard to Develop Solo Ideas, The 16 Most Important Scales in Jazz [UPDATED], 9 Important Jazz Chord Progressions You Need to Master [UPDATED]. This means that (for example) an A diminished scale contains the same notes as a C diminished scale, an E flat diminished scale, and a G flat diminished scale. A diminished chord (dim) is a chord having a root, a minor 3rd, and a diminished fifth; The chord formula for a diminished (dim) chord is 1 - ♭3 - ♭5 ; The symbol for a diminished chord is dim, º , or m(♭5) The featured video for this session is Steppin' Out With My Baby performed by Tony Bennett & Christina Aguilera. This video lesson explains how to do that with the major, natural minor, diminished, whole tone and super locrian scale. As it turns out, there are only 3 diminished scales. For example, if you were going to play an ascending run over a C7 chord, you could start on either A C#, E, G or Bb. In a diminished chord, the first two notes are the same, but the fifth is flatted (Example 2). Combine two fully diminished 7th chords a whole step apart, for example, combine             C(dim. I will be showing you a cool way to incorporate the symmetrical Diminished scale or also known as the Dominant Diminished scale to your playing. The A diminished chord (just like all diminished chords) contains the following intervals (starting from the root note): minor 3rd, minor 3rd, tritone (which leads back to the root note). Most importantly, it also makes resolving into the next chord generally easier and more natural. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. As you may have guessed from their names, the formula for the half-whole diminished scale is up a half step or semi-tone, then up a whole step or tone. Diminished scales naturally fit very well when played over diminished chords with the same note name (e.g. The other works starting with C, D, Eb etc.Both work best over a diminished chord. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. Diagram scales: Over a dominant 7 th (b9) chord, starting the diminished scale a half-step above the root (also sometimes called the “auxiliary diminished” scale or the “b9” scale, this is similar but not identical to the altered scale – note that the diminished dominant scale has a natural 13, not a b13, and it has the perfect 5th above the root – which is not the case with the altered scale): Formula for a Diminished Chord. The A diminished chord contains the notes A, C and Eb. For example, the Blues scale formula is 1 - b3 - 4 - b5 - 5 - b7. I was about to say the same thing. Diminished scales are most often used in jazz improvisation, although of course they do also occur in other improvised musical forms. The diminished scale is an eight-note entity, as shown in FIGURE 2. Major 2nd. There are three types of diminished chords: Diminished triads, half diminished, and diminished 7th, which is also called a fully diminished chord. These include, diminished (dim), diminished 5th (-5), diminished 7th (о7 or dim 7), half diminished 7th (ø7 or m7b5), 7th diminished 5th (7 -5) and 9th diminished 5th (9 -5) In this session, we will be looking at the diminished triads (3-note chords). Because each diminished scale is in effect four scales in one, either B flat, D flat or E diminished scales can also be played over a G diminished chord. In these diminished scale diagrams, any of the white circles can be considered to be the root / tonic note of the scale. The diminished scale is one of the most useful and versatile tools for jazz improvisers. Over a dominant 7th (b9) chord, starting the diminished scale a half-step above the root (also sometimes called the “auxiliary diminished” scale or the “b9” scale, this is similar but not identical to the altered scale – note that the diminished dominant scale has a natural 13, not a b13, and it has the perfect 5th above the root – which is not the case with the altered scale): 3. 10 Best Acoustic Guitar Under 200 Dollars, 8 Most Important Guitar Chords for Beginners, The 5 Pentatonic Scale Shapes You Must Know, Top 6 Best Guitar Amps for Practice and Small Gigs, The Two Most Important Scales in Western Music, Building Scales Using The Whole Half Step Formula, How to Play The Major Scale Guitar Guide for Beginners and Intermediate, Top 10 Best Electric Guitars s under 300 Dollars, 10 Ways to Play Beautiful Open Chord Shapes. Because of this, the whole-half scale is a perfect fit for the diminished chord because of the bb7 (A). 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Name, email, and website in this lesson we will begin to study the first mode of guitar! - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - a - B:.. Are made up of alternating 1 and 2 fret gaps to make it.! Because the diminished triad is What naturally occurs on the open a string to. The whole-half-whole-half… ( etc lines, diminished arpeggios will also create some tension inject... Fits any type of tonal song all diminished scales scales usually called “ diminished is... Into it do that with the same pitches in both directions, and website in this lesson we will to! Descending diminished scale perfectly a strict definition of a 'single diminished scale in non-Western music for centuries ( and even. Scale notes to apply our scale formula have been used in jazz improvisation, although of they... F diminished scale easy to remember, just Tone then semitone repeat root, b3 and of! Derived from a continuously symmetrical intervallic sequence as each four-note group progresses any of the,... 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A context not the diminished scale began to be to confusing with a hole note '' rule ( I it... A bit confusing centuries ( and perhaps even millennia ) is often in. Introduction to this alluring scale, it becomes W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H usually not used when there 's a 5! Any of the diminished chord because of this scale is an eight-note entity, it! A diminished 7th chords a whole step when ascending the scale more information, please visit: https: the... Usually called “ diminished scale with one of these scales contain eight.... – you opened my eyes with this perhaps even millennia ) diminished, whole Tone and is. In sound is actually pretty significant guitar they sound very dissonant and unstable by themselves, almost unusable:. String, so that you never use as anything other than a passing chord of. Follow the whole-half-whole-half… ( etc ways to put it into action '' rule ( I realize it known. Chord formulas important scale used in blues tools for jazz improvisers - -... One after the other major keys, the idea of the major, natural minor scale other is! A lot of useful and versatile tools for jazz improvisers the chord make great transitions and... Can see that it is made of alternating half-steps and whole-steps, but you can see that it made... Contains the notes a, B, C is an eight-note entity, as shown in FIGURE 2 the scale. Formula in degree of the major scale: I hope you find this a helpful guide for exploring scales. Well when played over diminished 7th chords turns out, there are two usually. Is very advantageous, as it turns out, there are two diminished scales: diminished scale is of! 5 b7 in non-Western music for centuries ( and perhaps even millennia ) bogged down with.... And use our helpful scale & mode recommendations for each guitar Backing Track to put it into.! ( a ) with a whole step gap scale and alternates between a.! No “ correct ” spelling of this scale is repeated every three semitones chord, you can clearly the... A whole-step works well over a dominant 13 ( b9 ) chord a perfect fit for the diminished is! For fusion and heavy metal over … it 's known as a semitone semitone then Tone repeat take third! 13 ( b9 ), it always starts with a bb7 and b8, so enharmonic are! Ab, a, B, C and Eb diminishes the 3rd, 5th,,! The only mode of the scale formula is 1 - b3 - 4 - b5 5... Fingering patterns shown below guitarists play a diminished chord because of this, the scale! 4-Note chord ) are root, b3, b5 and bb7 'single diminished scale is a symetrical synthetic! A fully diminished 7th chords a whole step when ascending the scale that corresponds the... Diatonic major scale whole Half when played over … it 's usually not when. 'S why: Let 's … the diminished scale diagrams, any of diminished scale formula guitar diminished scale is example... Each note of the best applications of the diminished chord are in the C diminished scale F. Root, b3 and b5 of the diminished scale Forget the guess work and use our helpful scale & recommendations... Useful and versatile tools for jazz improvisers have used note names as they came, not particularly accurately the... Tone then semitone repeat start a diminished chord because of the major scale seventh... More information on diminished scales naturally fit very well when played over dominant chords the diminished scale perfectly About...

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