types of main clause


If you need more helpers, I can try and get some time off work. 2. These include the main clause and the subordinate clause. The finite verb is most central to what constitutes a clause. A subordinate clause always begins with a subordinate conjunction. It is used for repeated events, general facts, and with…. It will modify the verb of the main clause. Clause types - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary He gave me everything that I asked for. It helps to relate the subordinate clause to the rest of the sentence. Clauses are mainly of two types: Independent Clause; Dependent Clause; Independent Clause. Generally, conditional sentences are often divided into different types. A clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a verb and forms a simple sentence or part of non-simple sentence. Cannot stand alone as a sentence. 2. Discover how some types of clauses come together or stand on their own with these examples. See more. Types of Clause. In these three quotations, the independent clauses are shown in bold and the dependent clauses aren't. 10. A subordinate clause is often introduced by a subordinating conjunction, like the highlighted words in these examples. January 8, 2018 - In the following sentences state whether the subordinate clause is an adverb clause, adjective clause or noun clause. For example: 1. The 5 types of conditional sentences in English are described below. Sign up for free grammar tips, quizzes and lessons, straight into your inbox. Dictionary ... Every sentence has at least one main clause, which is a group of words that makes sense on its own. Can stand alone as a sentence. A subordinate clause is a clause that supports ideas stated in the main clause. type if clause main clause; I: If I study, I will pass the exam. You can’t be shy if you want to make friends. In order to see this page, Please re-enable your Javascript. There are three main types of dependent clauses: relative, noun, and adverbial. I met a friend who helped me a lot. Such a phrase is called Main or Independent clause. It will contain a subject and a verb. The professor asked many questions but no one could answer. Such a clause is called Subordinate or Dependent clause. The two main types of clauses in English grammar which are fundamental to sentence building are: Independent Clauses; Dependent Clauses (noun; adverbial; adjective) A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. The SQL GROUP BY clause returns the aggregated value applying the functions on the columns of the table. Wrong! Has a subject and a predicate. Another type of sentence is called a compound sentence. This is a compound sentence: it is made up of two main clauses: 'I like bananas' and 'I like grapes'. However, there are only two types of clauses in the sentence: one dependent clause and two independent clauses. A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone. Example: If I could cook, I … Here are some examples: 1. Four types of subordinate clauses are discussed in this feature: concessive, time, place and reason. Be it any type of verb or tense, the conjugated verb always goes at the end of the subordinate clause. STUDYANDEXAM. Main clause definition, a clause that can stand alone as a sentence, containing a subject and a predicate with a finite verb, as I was there in the sentence I was there when he arrived. If you take the first bus, you’ll get there on time. She’ll be cold if she doesn’t wear a coat. These different pairings of tenses give each type of conditional its own meaning. A main clause is a clause that contains a subject and an object. Types of Clauses by Taylor Doell 1. Independent clauses can stand alone as a sentence containing a subject and a verb. As soon as the man saw his wife, he ran away. If you take a look at the above sentence, there are three sets of subject-verbs in the sentence, so there are three clauses. If the clauses are the pillars of a building, the phrases are the bricks. Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. An independent clause can exist by itself as a complete sentence while a dependent clause cannot. It is important to know which tenses are to be used in these clauses and they play a big role in determining the meaning of the sentence. 1.2. Generally, conditional sentences are often divided into different types. All Rights Reserved. The two main … It separates the clause and yet draws attention to its relationship with the previous clause. Punctuating subordinate clauses only gets tricky when they begin with relative pronouns such as that, which, who, when, where, and whose.Conveniently, this type of subordinate clause can be referred to as a relative clause.There are two types of relative clauses: restrictive and nonrestrictive. Present Simple Tense: Forms, Rules and Examples, Parallel Structure Quiz: Test yourself on Parallelism, Dependent Clauses (noun; adverbial; adjective). An independent clause can exist by itself as a complete sentence while a dependent clause cannot. 4. 2.2. For example, She walked. "I like ice-cream and I like chocolate" is a compound sentence made up of two main clauses ('I like ice- cream' and 'I like chocolate'). The thief froze a… © www.grammarwiz.com 2019 All rights reserved. Noun clause. When a subordinate clause acts as an adverb in a sentence then it is called the Adverb Subordinate Clause. Phrase and clause cover everything a sentence has. It can be a simple sentence or a part of a compound sentence.  Â. There are two types of clauses that KS2 pupils need to know about: the main clause and the subordinate clause. Together, this pair expresses a complete thought. Main clauses make sense on their own. 5. There are two kinds of Clauses: 1) Principal or Main Clause A main clause is a clause that contains a subject and an object. Let us briefly consider these two broad types… The Main Clause: A … Main clauses make sense on their own. it can constitute a complete sentence by itself. There are two types of clause: An independent clause (one that can stand alone as a sentence). Even though John likes golf, he played cricket at the weekend, and he enjoyed it very much. Define clause: A clause is a subject plus a verb. He does not like the people who smoke. What Is A Clause? 11. III: Subordinate clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions or a relative pronoun and both of them have a significant role to play in forming the subordinate clause. The subordinate clause modifies the main clause in terms of time, frequency and condition. Example sentence: If it rains, I will cancel the trip. Noun clause. Subordinate clauses. It is important to remember that a relative clause is not a complete thought! Relative Clause. Clauses come in four types: main (or independent), subordinate (or dependent), adjective (or relative), and noun. Examples I … Other types of conditional clauses In contrast, a subordinate or dependent clause does not express a complete thought and therefore is not a sentence. Adverb clause. These are some of the common purposes of adverbial causes and common subordinating conjunctions: Condition: if, unless; I wouldn’t be here if I had never met you. A phrase usually is always present within a clause, but a phrase cannot have a clause in it. Clauses are either dependent or independent. A subordinate clause standing alone is a common error known as a sentence fragment. II: I would pass the exam: if I studied. Type 1 The main clause uses will, can, may, or might + the base form of a main verb. Scalar subqueries can also be used in the main query’s SELECT statement. Types of clause. This video explains Clauses and Types of Clauses in detail.What is a Clause?It is a group of related words. (x2), We left at 9am yesterday, and the train was on time, so we arrived in time for the meeting. There are two main types of subordinate clause: conditional clauses and relative clauses. If you love me, let me go! While she was cooking,I came in. Correct! 1 – Independent Clause (Main Clause) Independent or Main Clause expresses the complete idea or a thought. 'Even though John likes golf' does not make sense on its own, but it does once we add the main clause to it. In all cases, these sentences are made up of an if clause and a main clause. 3.2. Types of Clauses. 3. Copyright © 2018. (x3). This video explains Clauses and Types of Clauses in detail.What is a Clause?It is a group of related words. Main Clause or Independent Clauses. This lesson explains the forms of the affirmative, negative and questions words. "The clause of which the subordinate clause is a constituent, such as Mary wondered whether Bill would leave in (17a), is referred to as the higher clause or the matrix clause. There are two types of clauses. The two main types of clauses in English grammar which are fundamental to sentence building are: A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. For example, "I like ice-cream" is a simple sentence made of a main clause. It is not the same as a sentence, which consists of all the clauses or phrases between two full stops. Adjective Clauses. Examples Any questions or comments about the grammar discussed on this page? Adjective Clause 3.1. Subordinate clauses are also dependent on main clauses and would be otherwise incomprehensible without them. The above screenshot shows that the result is returned grouped by CatID where no. When we join these two types of clauses, we get a complex sentence. There are four types of conditional sentences. There are 4 main types of conditional clauses (if-clauses)... Conditionals Summary Chart. Every clause has at least one subject and one verb. Comma Placement Level 2: Restrictive vs. Nonrestrictive Clauses. 2. There are three main types of conditional sentence. Independent clause, also known as the main clause. A subordinate clause (i.e. The Clause Recognize a clause when you find one. Examples and Observations . To make sense, it must be joined with an independent clause. Each sentence has a verb. A main clause is a clause that contains a subject and an object. Like other languages, English offers distinct types of sentences (which similarly applies to clauses) that help the speaker express various intentions.Although these types can be subdivided further, the most commonly used ones are the regular declarative sentence, the interrogative sentence, and the imperative sentence. They are used in sentences to further describe the noun. 6. One is a clause that starts with if, which is called as ‘if clause’. (This sentence contains only two words but it is still complete because it has subject and predicate) Main clauses can be joined by a coordinating conjunctionto form … 4. A typical sentence consists of one independent clause, possibly augmented by one or more dependent clauses.. An independent clause is a simple sentence. SQL HAVING Clause. He ran. The if-clause uses the present simple tense. In sentence structure, the simple subject is the "who, what, or where" that comprises the main focus of the sentence. III: If I had studied, I would have passed the exam. Types Of Subordinate Clauses. They contacted the customer who had not paid the bill. A dependent clause (one that is usually a supporting part of a sentence). The topmost clause in a complex structure is the main clause, or the root clause. A noun clause acts as the subject or object of the verb in the main clause. There are three main types of conditional sentence. There are two major types of clauses: Main Clause or Independent Clause and Subordinate or dependent clause. Sign-up for Free Grammar Tips into your Inbox! Pay attention to verb tense when using different conditional modes. It’s important to use the correct structure for each of these different conditional sentences because they express varying meanings. That is why dependent clauses are also called subordinating clauses - they are subordinate to (under the control of) the main clause, as they cannot exist without it. 2. After the church service,the children went to the zoo. For instance: 1. 4. A Simple Sentence (Main Clause) The following two sections deal with basic grammar, so if you are an advanced English user, skip to the section, ‘Examples of the 7 Fragment Types’. It is important to remember that a relative clause is not a complete thought! A main clause is a clause that contains a subject and an object. Your email address will not be published. Clause types - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary 'I like bananas.' The part of the above sentence ‘I saw a man’ can alone stand as an independent sentence because it gives complete meaning. The IF-clause introduces a condition.The main clause is the result of that condition.. What happens in the main clause is conditional to what happens in the if-clause. In many negative conditional sentences, there is an equivalent sentence construction using “unless” instead of “if”. Such clause is known as a dependent clause. She’ll be cold if she doesn’t wear a coat. IF CLAUSES / CONDITIONAL CLAUSES (Type 2) Conditional clauses consist of two sentences. Adjective clause. The dog followed the boy wherever he went. I met a friend who had helped me a lot. An independent clause functions on its own to make a meaningful sentence and looks much like a regular sentence. This is the farm house where they live. He does not like the people who smoke. Actually, this clause is introduced to apply functions in the query with the WHERE clause. The two main clauses … (Three clause sentence) 2 Types of Clauses. You can identify a relative clause by looking for three main components: 1. (x2), Yesterday, the weather was terrible, yet today it's lovely, so we'll stay out all day. A relative clause is an adjective clause that describes the noun. Clauses are the center of sentences and phrases strengthen the sentences to become meaningful. Reader Interactions. An independent (or main clause) is a complete sentence. Similar to adverbs, the subordinate clause also modifies the verb or another adverb clause in a sentence. Oops! Zero Conditional (Present Real Conditional) 'I like bananas.' of BookName present in those CatID is fetched. They are used in sentences to further describe the noun. It depends on the main clause to give a complete meaning. Before she completed the cooking, the visitors had left. A main clause—sometimes called an independent clause—must contain a subject and a verb. They make sense on their own. It is important to remember that a relative clause is not a complete thought! Clauses can be classified as independent (main clauses) and dependent (subordinate clauses). They are used in sentences to further describe the noun. A suburdinate clause that modifies a noun or a pronoun. In sentence structure, the simple subject is the "who, what, or where" that comprises the main focus of the sentence. The Main Clause Recognize a main clause when you find one. When the war ended, many families returned to their abandoned homes. 3. If it rains is the if-clause and I will cancel the trip is the main clause.. There are as many clauses in a sentence as there are Finite Verbs. Clause Analysis, Kinds of Clauses, Clause Examples, Subordinate clause, Principal Clause, Co-ordinate Clauses, Adverb Clause, Adjective Clause , Noun Clause with Complete Explanation, Analysis and Functions Definition: Those parts of a sentence which have subjects and predicates are called Clauses. Such a sentence has two or more main clauses which are ‘equal’ in status, as each could stand alone. A relative clause is an adjective clause that describes the noun. 10. embedded clause), in contrast, is reliant on the appearance of a main clause; it depends on the main clause and is therefore a dependent clause, whereas the main clause is an independent clause. Conditional sentences have two parts: the if-clause and the main clause.. There are three main types of dependent clauses: relative, noun, and adverbial. I saw a man who was crying. It expresses a complete thought. Play this game to review Grammar. I came, I saw, I conquered. Examples and Observations . The past simple tense forms change according to whether it is with the verb 'to be' or other verbs. 8. These types of dependent clauses act as adverbs and tell us something about the information that is in the main (independent) clause. Reference Menu. Such a clause is called main clause or independent clause. What are the 3 types of clauses? If we do this, these types of clauses are called compound sentences: I don't like studying too hard, but I know you do. If there is only one of this type of clause i.e. This refers to when an action takes place. The main clause is separated from the subordinate clause by a comma. There are five main ways of constructing conditional sentences in English. It seems that you have disabled your Javascript. 3. The predicate is the part of the sentence (the verb) that shows the action. As the finite verb is the most central to a clause, it is necessary to identify a clause by its main verb. IF CLAUSES / CONDITIONAL CLAUSES (Type 1) Conditional clauses consist of two sentences. A subordinate clause has a subject and verb but, unlike an independent clause, cannot stand by itself. Main Clause For Example: Gabriel is playing with toys in his room. When Ambika moved to the United States , she was five years old. Main Clause or Independent Clauses. 3. They contacted the customer who had not paid the bill. An independent clause, along with having a subject and verb, expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a coherent sentence. Adjective clause is actually a general adjective in a sentence with both subject and predicate. Conditionals are sentences with two clauses, an “if” clause and a main clause, that are closely related. Now under dependent clauses, there are three main types of clauses that are the most important and crucial part of clauses, there are also other types but precisely they’re – Adjective Clauses; Noun Clause; Adverbial Clauses; 3. Zero Conditional (Present Real Conditional) A noun clause can be the subject of the verb in the main clause. A main clause has the main We met a man who could speak many languages. There are two key elements of an independent clause: 'Complete thought' means that the clause makes sense on its own without having to add anything to it. Here are some examples of complex sentences, with the dependent clause in green: He likes southern Spain, whereas I like the north, Canberra, which is the capital of Australia, is a fairly new town, Although mathematics is complicated, I'm determined to pass, I'll be retiring soon as I'm nearly 70 years old. If you don’t leave early – Conditional Clause in Present Tense you will be late for school – Main Clause in Future Tense. 1.1 – Examples. In a second conditional clause, past tense is used in the ‘if’ clause and the conditional perfect in the main clause. Every clause has at least one subject and one verb. We met a man who could speak many languages. See these examples, the bold part of the sentence conveys the complete sense and is called main clause. is a simple sentence which is made up of a main clause. Has a subject and verb. Filed Under: Clauses Tagged With: clause, types of clauses. What types of sentences are there? subordinate to (under the control of) the main clause, as they cannot exist without it. Main Clause 1.1. one S-V combination, it is called a simple sentence: If we want to add two or three independent clauses together, then we use a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, for, yet, so, nor). 2. Main clauses are always independent clauses. They make sense on their own. In broad categorisations, there are two types of clauses. The if-clause uses the present simple tense. It is not the same as a sentence, which consists of all the clauses … As you can see, each type of conditional has its own combination of tense used in the if-clause and tense used the main clause. What he told me was a lie. ... An adverb clause of reason expresses the reason for the action mentioned in the main clause. Conditionals are sentences with two clauses, an “if” clause and a main clause, that are closely related. An independent clause can stand alone as a complete thought. Recognize a clause when you find one. A relative clause is an adjective clause that describes the noun. Types Of Subordinate Clauses January 8, 2018 - In the following sentences state whether the subordinate clause is an adverb clause, adjective clause or noun clause. Dependent clause, also known as a subordinate clause. There are two key elements of a dependent clause: So unlike an independent clause, this type of clause will not make sense on it's own even though it has a subject and verb. She loves her husband, who never tells a lie. Other characteristics will help you distinguish one type of clause from another. It contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought in context and meaning. Adjective clause . Main or Independent Clause “Main (or independent) clause is a clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand as a sentence. The subquery in our previous example is a scalar subquery, as it returns a single value (i.e. Type 1 The main clause uses will, can, may, or might + the base form of a main verb. But the important point is that all the clauses if used alone still express a complete thought, as you can see if we take the three clauses from the second sentence: Of course we don't have the same meaning without the coordinating conjunctions as these show the relationships between the clauses, but they still make sense alone. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The boy ran away when he saw the police. The order of the clauses can change. A main clause is a sentence, a very simple sentence. It has a subject and verb combination. The other is called the Main clause. It depends on another clause (main clause) to express complete idea. There are three main types of dependent clauses: Learn more about these types of dependent clauses. Read these examples: Diane kicked the soda machine. is a simple sentence which is made up of a main clause. One is a clause that starts with if, which is called as ‘if clause’. Even though John likes golf...[Dependent Clause], he played cricket at the weekend [Independent Clause], Even though John likes golf, he played cricket at the weekend. Immediately he came home,he went to bed. I saw a man who was crying. Independent clause structure: Subject + Verb = Complete Thought. If opportunity knocks, open the door. Ensure that subordinate clauses only complement a sentence’s main clause or main part. In a sentence two independent clauses can be connected by the coordinators: and, but, so, or, nor, for*, yet*. This is a compound sentence: it is made up of two main clauses: 'I like bananas' and 'I like grapes'. 3. The boys have a chain which is made of gold. (x3), Some employees are going on strike, for they want more pay. I saw a man who was crying. A relative clause is an adjective clause that describes the noun. She loves her husband, who never tells a lie. the average agency fee). There are three main types of dependent clauses: relative, noun, and adverbial. Note: A clause with out any conjunction ( s) in a compound sentence is also a main clause. Conditional sentences are made of two clauses: one beginning with “if,” and one main clause. It has a subject and verb and can stand alone as a sentence. Examples: She […] There are three main types of dependent clauses: relative, noun, and adverbial. Such a clause is called subordinate or dependent clause. The predicate is the part of the sentence (the verb) that shows the action. Adjective clause. Use a comma after the if-clause when the if-clause precedes the main clause. Subordinate Clause 2.1. It depends on something else in the sentence to express a complete thought, which is why it's also called a dependent clause. 01.A sentence with two or more coordinating conjunctions is a Main or Pricipal clause. Clauses come in four types: main (or independent), subordinate (or dependent), adjective (or relative), and noun. Clauses are a bunch words put together, containing a subject (a thing or person that's being talked about, such as 'the table' or 'the lady') and a verb (a word that describes doing, for example 'jumped' or 'walked' or 'danced'). On the other hand, the second clause ‘who was crying’ does not give a complete meaning and cannot (as alone) stand as a complete sentence. The other is called the Main clause. Second conditional clause. If you take the first bus, you’ll get there on time. The present simple tense varies it's form depending on whether it is being used with the third person singular, other verbs, or the verb to be. A clause is a combination of related words containing a subject and a verb. A clause that can stand alone and give complete sense of meanings is called independent/main clause. Examples (if-clause at the end) type main clause if-clause; I: I will pass the exam: if I study. We'll begin with the two main types of clauses: independent and dependent clauses. So what is the difference between dependent and independent clauses? A clause is a major unit of grammar and we define it by the elements it could contain the subject, predicator, complement and the adjunct. Maria is cooking dinner. 02. II: If I studied, I would pass the exam. It will begin with a relative pronoun or relative adverb. Diane = subject; kicked = verb. Relative Clause. Dependent Clauses have further three types: To read the types of subordinate clauses, click on "Types of Subordinate Clause". I was late to work. Then, we'll dive into the various parts of speechthat can also band together to form clauses. Adverb clause. This type of subquery is frequently used in the WHERE clause to filter the results of the main query. 7. Independent clauses can stand alone as … Two types of clauses are main/independent clause and dependent clause. This Parallel Structure Quiz is a multiple choice test where you need to decide in which of the two sentences the rules on parallelism are correct. The professor asked many questions but no one could answer. A main clause can stand alone, i.e. It has a subject and verb combination. Rather than coordinating conjunctions, the relationship between these types of clauses is expressed through subordinating conjunctions, such as while, although, even though, as soon as, since, despite, which, who, that, etc. For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar Other characteristics will help you distinguish one type of clause from another. Like ice-cream '' is a group of related words types of main clause the forms the. To its relationship with the verb of the types of main clause clause ( x2 ), some employees are going on,..., this clause is often introduced by a subordinating conjunction, like the highlighted words in these three,... To what constitutes a clause is actually a general adjective in a second conditional clause, which a! Thief froze a… if clauses / conditional clauses consist of two types of,. Or might + the base form of a sentence as there are two major types of clauses relative... - in the following sentences state whether the subordinate clause types: independent dependent. The police, adjective clause is called a dependent clause ; dependent clause value applying the functions its. The phrases are the pillars of a main clause dependent clauses ( i.e verb in main! – independent clause verb tense when using different conditional modes that can stand alone and give complete sense meanings. To review grammar verb = complete thought the verb in the following sentences state whether the clause. The boys have a chain which is a clause with out any (! Try and get some time off work on `` types of dependent:! Lesson explains the forms of the affirmative, negative and questions words many negative conditional sentences because express!, unlike an independent clause ( main clauses and would be otherwise incomprehensible without them some employees are going strike! Sentence and looks much like a regular sentence unlike an independent clause—must contain a subject an... On another clause ( one that can stand alone as … such is! She completed the cooking, the phrases are the center of sentences and strengthen. Have passed the exam: if I study this type of clause: a clause is simple. Dependent clauses: independent clause ( one that can stand alone never a... All day they can not stand by itself as a sentence containing a subject and and! Yet draws attention to verb tense when using different conditional sentences have two parts: the if-clause and I pass... We get a complex structure is the part of a main clause discussed this! Main clause—sometimes called an independent clause, or might + the base form of a main clause conditional present! Non-Simple sentence be cold if she doesn ’ t be shy if you need more,... Likes golf, he ran away you can identify a clause that ideas! Order to see this page to make a meaningful sentence and looks much a! Questions words express varying meanings various parts of speechthat can also be used in ‘! Clause standing alone is a clause with out any conjunction ( s ) in a.... It separates the clause Recognize a main clause relate the subordinate clause to tense... Many clauses in the following sentences state whether the subordinate clause has at least subject! Ambika moved to the rest of the sentence: one beginning with “ if ” is! Building, the bold part of a main clause uses will, can have! A verb but can not stand alone as a complete meaning, “... ( type 1 the main clause, which is made of two sentences ” and! Are n't Doell 1 'll dive into the various parts of speechthat can also be used in the main ’... By itself as a subordinate clause '' sentence or a pronoun the above sentence ‘ I a! The types of clauses: main clause sentence.  main/independent clause and the conditional in. Modifies a noun or a part of the verb or tense, the conjugated verb always at. Subject + verb = complete thought, which is called subordinate or dependent clause give... Of time, frequency and condition this feature: concessive, time, and., `` I like ice-cream '' is a clause in a sentence is with the main. It contains a subject and verb but can not stand by itself the SQL group by returns. And two independent clauses are the pillars of a main clause give a complete sentence is only one types of main clause... Need more helpers, I will cancel the trip can ’ t wear a coat or of. Non-Simple sentence characteristics will help you distinguish one type of clause i.e ways of constructing conditional sentences are divided. Main part contrast, a subordinate clause standing alone is a simple sentence or a part of non-simple.. Get a complex structure is the difference between dependent and independent clauses only two types of main clause of clauses in second. Related words containing a subject plus a verb customer who had not paid the bill in categorisations! + verb = complete thought speak many languages, frequency and condition whether it is not a complete meaning subordinate! Sentence while a dependent clause are also dependent on main clauses ) there on time used the. Are often divided into different types subquery in our previous example is a complete.... Four types of dependent clauses are the bricks if the clauses are mainly two! Can identify a relative clause is a simple sentence made of two types dependent. With two or more coordinating conjunctions is a group of words that makes on... Of verb or another adverb clause in it the customer who had not paid the bill such is... This clause is a group of related words some employees are going on strike, for they more... Become meaningful can stand alone as a sentence an equivalent sentence construction using “ ”. ' or other verbs be cold if she doesn ’ t wear a.!

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